Celebrate Christmas with the authenticity of Finland! Give unique handmade wooden gifts to your loved ones. 🎅🎄 Celebrate Christmas with the authenticity of Finland! Give unique handmade wooden gifts to your loved ones. 🎅🎄
The juniper is a small tree or shrub that grows in the northern hemisphere in dry or arid areas. It is a plant that does not require special care and is very robust. The juniper has many varieties and each of them has beneficial properties for human health or for nature.
Be careful though, only the Juniperus communis and the juniperus oxycedrus are edible, the other varieties are toxic.
You will find all the information you need to help you understand and use juniper wood. We have compiled the characteristics, specifications and information of this exceptional wood.
Shrub of the Cupressaceae family.
Color of the leaves
Very prickly dark green needles that grow in pairs.
Once pollinated, the female juniper forms a dark blue or red berry that ripens in 1 or 2 years, also called juniper berry. More info on the use of the berries.
Juniper wood varies in color from yellow to reddish brown. With age, the wood will darken in color.
Between 4 and 10 meters high for the Juniperus communis. Some varieties of juniper can grow up to 40 meters high.
The trunk of the juniper has a rough bark and is light gray in color. It can be twisted, bent or filled with knots. It depends on the place where it grows and the environment outside.
Slow. About 30 to 60 centimeters per year.
Between 50 and 500 years depending on the variety of juniper.
Very hard and rot-proof wood, which means that it is a wood that does not rot.
The female juniper will produce berries. The color of the berries varies according to the variety of juniper. Some are edible while others are poisonous. Learn more about the berries.
The shape of the leaf varies depending on the variety of juniper. They can be in the form of pointed or soft needles or in the form of scales.
In spring, between March and May.
Juniper wood availability
Price of juniper wood
Disease and pests
Juniper is subject to one disease in particular: pear rust, which causes a lot of damage to leaves and fruit.
Red spiders, beetles and scale insects are the main pests of juniper.
Take a closer look at the characteristics and uses of juniper, as well as its health benefits and advantages as a craft and decorative material.
Juniperus communis is the most widespread variety in the Northern Hemisphere. It can be found in France in mountainous and rocky areas. The Juniperus communis likes rocky, sandy and calcareous soils.
It can be found in :
Here, I will show you how to differentiate the Juniperus communis from other varieties. Photos 5 and 6 show Juniperus communis and Juniperus sabina respectively in their environment.
Juniperus communis (photo 3) has very prickly green needles with a white stripe in the center. The juniperus oxycedrus (photo 1) has fine and prickly needles with 2 white stripes in the center. Juniperus phoenicea (photo 2) has small, unpointed needles.
Junipers are dioecious trees, the males and females are different in appearance and do not produce the same thing. Indeed, the female juniper will produce fruits containing seeds (photo 2) whereas the male juniper will produce pollen which, with the wind, will arrive on the female plants.
Juniper produces small, round berries called juniper berries (photo 3). These berries are green in color and change color when ripe. However, you must be careful because some junipers produce poisonous berries. Each variety of juniper produces a berry of different color, shape and size.
The trunk of the juniper has a rough bark and is mostly light gray in color, except for the eastern red cedar which has a reddish bark. Because of the location where it grows (rocky and mountainous area), the trunk can be twisted and even bent as it follows the shape of the rock on which it grows (photo 4).
Find out here the most common Juniper varieties in the world and some information like leaves, fruits, growth, etc.
Juniper wood is the worst enemy of axes or chainsaws because it is very hard with a very strong core. It is also a rot-proof wood, which means that it does not rot.
In the craft industry, juniper wood is used by wood turners to make crockery, vases or decorative objects. Because it is a wood that is very beautiful and has a good smell.
In everyday life, juniper wood is used as firewood because it is a slow burning wood and gives a good smell to the room.
In the garden, juniper is very popular and often used for hedges because it is very strong. Juniper can also be used with more delicacy and wisdom in bonsai.
Juniper can be consumed in several forms, as I explain just below.
Juniper berries are excellent for flavoring fatty dishes such as meat dishes, game or sauerkraut. The berries will bring a good flavor to the dish but also help digestion.
In the French mountains, the berries are cooked and then pressed to make a honey-like paste. This paste is eaten with bread.
Juniper berries are used to create multiple alcohols.
☠️ One must be extremely careful when eating juniper, some are poisonous. Only Juniperus communis and juniperus oxycedrus are edible. ☠️
First of all, you should know that only Juniperus communis and Juniperus oxycedrus are edible.
As mentioned above, the berries are used to flavour dishes and to make alcohol. But they are not only used for that:
Juniper essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of juniper berries and branches.
This pale yellow essential oil has a woody and spicy smell. This essential oil can be used in inhalation to relieve coughs. It can also be used for massage to treat anti-inflammatory pain. Finally, juniper essential oil can also be mixed with a cream to treat skin problems and help healing.
Some wood species are used to make bonsai such as pine, Chinese elm, maple, Chinese juniper and Juniperus sabina.
Juniper is a good choice for making bonsai for several reasons:
To make a bonsai with juniper, here are some tips:
Juniper is very susceptible to fungal diseases. The disease that affects juniper the most is pear rust. This disease only affects junipers and pear trees. Also, it needs 2 hosts to live, the primary host being the juniper which is affected in winter and the secondary host the pear tree which is infected in spring. This disease spreads with the wind but also with insects like bees.
When spring arrives and the weather is both mild and wet, brown cones form on the branches of the juniper. These cones then become orange masses, as shown in the picture.
A collection of carefully selected images to inspire you and arouse your curiosity.
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